week 8.2 DQ response 2

Hazel Gusman posted Jun 25, 2020 9:00 PM
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Healthcare providers use multiple sources of evidence and fact-finding techniques to support their decision-making processes. Research and evidence-based practice (EBP) are different approaches of addressing healthcare problems. However, when integrated with practice-based evidence, the former establishes the source of knowledge to fuel the latter (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2019). In clinical research, scholars formulate hypotheses and determine appropriate methodologies to address the issue while in EBP, researchers appraise existing evidence to answer a question in PICOT format.

Healthcare professionals need primary sources of data to scrutinize evidence from a clinical perspective and propose the most efficient practices of facilitating treatment. Chien (2019) reveals that the purpose of research is to generate new knowledge while EBP utilizes best evidence from multiple sources as a basis of nursing practice. According to Pickler (2018), practitioners should use high-quality research for practice. This attribute makes primary research a prerequisite for EBP, enabling scholars to appraise existing literature to support a medical intervention.

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The purpose of the two described concepts is different, allowing healthcare professionals to classify a project as either an EBP or a research to create knowledge. Firstly, if a study is guided by a PICOT question, it is categorized as the former approach. However, a hypothesis and dependence on a scientific methodology to collect and analyze data make it a research process (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2019). Nonetheless, both concepts are essential in nursing because they allow practitioners to deploy relevant evidence to address emerging clinical issues.

Overall, healthcare specialists make informed decisions based on verifiable information. EBP and research are two distinct techniques of fact-finding, but the latter establishes the foundation for implementing the former. Consequently, scholars can use different sources of evidence to support their ideologies and improve the quality of care.


Chien, L. Y. (2019). Evidence-based practice and nursing research. The Journal of Nursing Research, 27(4) e29. doi:10.1097/jnr.0000000000000346

Melnyk B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2019). Evidence-based practice in nursing and

healthcare: A guide to practice (4th ed.). Waltham, MA: Wolters-Kluwer.

Pickler, R. H. (2018). Honoring the past, pursuing the future. Nursing Research, 67(1), 1–2. doi:10.1097/NNR.0000000000000255

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