Comparison and Contrast of Two Philosophical Approaches – Rough Draft

Instructions

What is the purpose of this paper?

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Comparison and Contrast of Two Philosophical Approaches – Rough Draft
Get an essay WRITTEN FOR YOU, Plagiarism free, and by an EXPERT!
Order Essay

You are going to compare and contrast two philosophical works on similar subjects and decide which of the two is more convincing and why. Your choice of works are:

Excerpt from Summa Theologica by St. Thomas Aquinas and “Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives” by Phillipa Foot, both in Doing Ethics
Excerpt from Nichomachean Ethics by Aristotle and “The Need for More than Justice” by Annette C. Baire, both in Doing Ethics
Excerpt from Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill and “Feminist Ethics” by Alison M. Jaggar
You must choose one and only one set. You may not mix and match the readings. This paper should be presented in MLA style and be between 1000 and 1250 words.

Where do I begin?

First, you need to create a thesis about what fundamental ideas the two texts share. For example, if I were to compare and contrast Hume’s “Ethical Judgements and Matters of Fact” and Rorty’s “Moral Relativism”, my thesis might focus on how both texts address the limits of reason as an underlying standard by which to judge what is and is not moral. Here would be my working thesis for the paper:

Although Hume’s 1739 A Treatise on Human Nature and Rorty’s 1999 Philosophy of Social Hope are separated by several hundred years in publication, they are unified in their pragmatic rejection of reason as a basis for moral judgment.

Your thesis will be different from mine but it will share these traits:

It will mention both texts within the thesis
It will give at least on contrast (“separated by several hundred years in publication”) and one comparison (“unified in their pragmatic rejection of reason as a basis for moral judgment”).
It will be clear on whether you find the contrast or the comparison more pronounced. Here my sentence structure puts the contrast in a dependent clause beginning with “although” and the comparison in the independent clause. This structure gives the comparison more weight than the contrast.
Second, you need to give a critical précis of each text. This will give your reader a good idea of the important ideas in each piece. Since the critical précis are only part of this paper instead of being the whole, as in the last paper, these need to be even more succinct than the ones in your last paper. Although these can be longer than a paragraph, you can see in this example from Bakersfield College how a critical précis can be compressed into a single paragraph with planning and a clear idea of the arguments in the original text.

Third, you will choose two quotes, one from each text, as examples of the author’s thought to compare and contrast in detail in a well-constructed paragraph. For my two example pieces, I might write:

Hume ends this portion of the text with a paragraph on how writers who want to establish moral codes at a key point in their arguments switch from saying “is, and is not” in favor of “ought, or ought not” (15). He considers this to be the moment that philosophers turn from the relationship of real objects to their own “perceptions in the mind” (15). Consequently, Hume finds “that the distinction of vice and virtue is not founded merely on the relations of objects, nor is perceived by reason” (15). Similarly, Rorty despairs of reason as a way of deciding which of the complex and intertwined set of social mores, what Waltzer refers to as “thick moralities” (65), could ever become universal:

The ideas of a universally shared source of truth called “reason” or “human nature” is, for us pragmatists, just the idea that such discussion ought to be capable of being made conclusive…It is misleading because it suggests that the aspiration to such a community is somehow built into every member of the biological species (65).

Both of these authors try to find a way to use a universal standard, referred to as reason, to find a basis for morality but eventually find there is no objective external standard but instead only subjective standards held by individuals which are not based on objective reason.

Finally, you need to conclude with a paragraph that chooses one of the texts over the other as being better reasoned. This is the case whether you found the texts more alike or more different. For my example, I find Rorty’s explanation more nuanced because he takes into account the depth of connection to moral values that individuals have while still acknowledging that there is no universal set of moral values to which all humans subscribe for the same underlying reasons. Hume is clear that incest is abhorrent to most of the people in his society and explains well how this aversion is more subjective than objective but this excerpt does not examine in any detail the meaning of this idea for how people within a society may interact with one another or with those from other cultures.

What should I avoid?

Try to avoid focusing on your own opinions until the final paragraph of the paper. The bulk of this paper should be about what the readings say and how they comment on common ideas. All but the last paragraph of this paper should be in third person (he, she, they) only. The last paragraph may use some first (I, me, us, we, our) person but there should be no second (you, your) person anywhere in this paper. Be sure that you cover both the comparison – how these texts are alike – and the contrasts – how these texts are different – in a meaningful way. Both should be in your thesis and both in your conclusion.

What is the grading criteria for this assignment?

An “A” paper will be:

in correct MLA format throughout, including a Works Cited page that has an entry for the piece from your text. (See the form for “Work in an Anthology, Reference, or Collection” at the Purdue OWL.)
of appropriate length, not significantly longer than 1250 words or shorter than 1000 words.
well-constructed with a clear introduction, two précis, an analysis paragraph, and a conclusion
thorough in its coverage of the argument, not missing or misinterpreting any major points.
relatively free of mechanical errors.
A “C” paper will be:

in a format other than MLA or no discernable format but with some attempt at organization and with a bibliographic reference page.
of reasonable length, not significantly longer than 1250 words or shorter than 1000 words.
an attempt at well-constructed with a clear introduction, two précis, an analysis paragraph, and a conclusion but may be missing one section or have one or two sections that are poorly developed
spotty in its coverage of the argument; missing, misinterpreting, or misrepresenting some major points.
readable, although there may be consistent and persistent mechanical errors the author makes sense.
A “F” paper will be:

in no discernable format without an attempt at organization or a bibliographic reference page.
of random length, significantly longer than 1250 words or shorter than 1000 words.
lacking a clear demarcation among sections or lacking two or more sections.
missing, misinterpreting, or misrepresenting the main argument and major points.
difficult to read due to consistent and persistent mechanical errors.
Additional resources for assignment

File attachment comparing_rubric_final.pdf ( 36 KB; Jun 7, 2020 8:21 am )
Submission

Originality of submissions will be verified by Turnitin. Your submission will be sent to Turnitin to be electronically reviewed for plagiarism. Only the following file types will be accepted: PDF (.pdf), Word 97-2003 (.doc), PowerPoint (.pps, .ppsx, .ppt, .pptx), Excel (.xls, .xlsx), Word 2007+ (.docx), PostScript (.ps), rich text (.rtf), HTML (.htm, .html), WordPerfect (.wpd), OpenOffice (.odt), plain text (.txt)

Attachments

The Homework Market
Order NOW For A 20% Discount!
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

Top quality papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional academic writers

We have hired a team of professional writers experienced in academic and business writing. Most of them are native speakers and PhD holders able to take care of any assignment you need help with.

Free revisions

If you feel that we missed something, send the order for a free revision. You will have 10 days to send the order for revision after you receive the final paper. You can either do it on your own after signing in to your personal account or by contacting our support.

On-time delivery

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & confidential

We use several checkers to make sure all papers are plagiarism-free and do not share them with third parties.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.

Essays

Essay Writing Service

You are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper. Our academic experts will gladly help you with essays, case studies, research papers and other assignments.

Admissions

Admission help & business writing

You can be positive that we will be here 24/7 to help you get accepted to the Master’s program at the TOP-universities or help you get a well-paid position.

Reviews

Editing your paper

Our academic writers and editors will help you submit a well-structured and organized paper just on time. We will ensure that your final paper is of the highest quality and absolutely free of mistakes.

Reviews

Editing your paper

Our academic writers and editors will help you submit a well-structured and organized paper just on time. We will ensure that your final paper is of the highest quality and absolutely free of mistakes.