wa3 argument paper

This is only a draft not a final paper ill also need you to create my final draft for me soon here is the annotated bibliography you wrote for me previously; Annotated Bibliography: Free Healthcare

Powell-Jackson, Timothy et al. “Who Benefits From Free Healthcare? Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Ghana.” Journal of Development Economics, vol. 107, 2014, pp. 305-319.

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In the article, Powell-Jackson et al. attempt to evaluate the beneficiaries of “free health care” by removing the “user fee” in rural Ghana (p.307-309). The aim was to examine if patients would increasingly seek health care services explicitly. The outcome was that the “formal healthcare” shifted largely with children being taken to health care facilities (p.312). Also, the patients suffering from anemia took to hospitals to seek medical services. The trend resulted from reduced “health spending” (p. 316) since free health care systems catered for treatment and other expenses for the anemic children. The overall outcome was improved health of the residents of Ghana. From the research, it is conclusive that many people in Ghana did not have enough to spend on health care; hence, free healthcare was a significant milestone.

Donnelly, John. “How Did Sierra Leone Provide Free Health Care?” The Lancet, vol. 377, no. 9775, 2011, pp. 1393-1396.

The article examines the core factor that saw Sierra Leone succeed in providing its citizens with free healthcare. Sierra Leone is popularly known as a “war-torn” country; hence being able to provide free healthcare to “pregnant mothers, young mothers and young children,” remains a puzzle (p.1393). John Donnelly provides an insight into Sierra Leone’s “secret of success” (p.1394). The president of Sierra Leone took “healthcare directive” as a significant priority, among other issues in his “priority list” (p.1395). Besides, the “political will” of the people and the donor community was in play; therefore, the initiative succeeded (p. 1395). The excellent cohesion between the Ministry of Health and Sanitation, the donor community, and the development partners and the willingness of the people led to the successful implementation of free healthcare.

Witter, Sophie et al. “The Free Health Care Initiative: How Has It Affected Health Workers in Sierra Leone?” Health Policy and Planning, vol. 31, no. 1, 2015, pp. 1-9.

The successful implementation of free healthcare in Sierra Leone had numerous effects on “health workers” (p. 2). The post-war initiative came along with changes that affected the health workers. First, the “Free Health Care Initiative (FHCI)” of 2010 required amendments, such as increasing the number of health workers (p.4). Also, there was “recruitment,” “retention,” transfer, and distribution of health workers. All these turns of events impacted their performance, which in turn affected their pay. Free healthcare also meant more patients in health facilities, thus increased service delivery. The result was an overall effect on the attendance schedules of the workers. Moreover, the workers demanded a raise in the “package of financial and non-financial incentives” (p.7-8) to compensate for the increased services and tight work schedules.

Alegado, Siegfried, and Ditas B Lopez. “Virus Spread Stalls Philippine Goal Of Free Health Care For All.” In.Finance.Yahoo.Com, 2020, https://in.finance.yahoo.com/news/virus-spread-stalls-philippine-goal-of-free-health-care-for-all-014413192.html.

In the article, the Philippines has a history that has thrived in providing free healthcare to its citizens. However, this is not the case since “coronavirus happened” (Alegado & Lopez). The pandemic came along with so many inconveniences to the continued successful initiative. Most of the “healthcare spending” is directed to respond to the virus that struck in late 2019 (Alegado & Lopez). The insurance plan known as Phil Health has experienced massive losses, which means that it cannot cover some health treatment captured in the care plan. The situation has rendered it almost impossible for the government to provide free health care services to its citizens. Moreover, the country’s economic crisis is at its worst; therefore, healthcare revenue is minimal.

Samb, Oumar Mallé, and Valery Ridde. “The Impact of Free Healthcare on Women’s Capability: A Qualitative Study in Rural Burkina Faso.” Social Science & Medicine, vol. 197, 2018, pp. 9-16.

The article examines the impact that free health care has on “women capability” in Burkina Faso (p. 10). The research drew its interest from the 2006 initiative, where the government-subsidized “emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC)” by 80% followed by an additional 20% subsidy in two districts by an NGO (p.10). Further, children under 5years did not have to pay a penny for the same treatment. Women displayed increased “self-esteem,” which earned them respect in the society (p.13). Besides, women’s capability to decide on health issues improved due to the free health care plan. They did not have to negotiate for family needs in place of accessing health services, especially EmONC. Therefore, it means free health has a positive impact on women’s capability, which boosts economic and social growth.

Works Cited

Alegado, Siegfried, and Ditas B Lopez. “Virus Spread Stalls Philippine Goal Of Free Health Care For All.” In.Finance.Yahoo.Com, 2020, https://in.finance.yahoo.com/news/virus-spread-stalls-philippine-goal-of-free-health-care-for-all-014413192.html.

Donnelly, John. “How Did Sierra Leone Provide Free Health Care?” The Lancet, vol. 377, no. 9775, 2011, pp. 1393-1396.

Powell-Jackson, Timothy et al. “Who Benefits From Free Healthcare? Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Ghana.” Journal of Development Economics, vol. 107, 2014, pp. 305-319.

Samb, Oumar Mallé, and Valery Ridde. “The Impact of Free Healthcare on Women’s Capability: A Qualitative Study in Rural Burkina Faso.” Social Science & Medicine, vol. 197, 2018, pp. 9-16.

Witter, Sophie et al. “The Free Health Care Initiative: How Has It Affected Health Workers in Sierra Leone?” Health Policy and Planning, vol. 31, no. 1, 2015, pp. 1-9.

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