Week 6 Discussion: US Budget- discussion post

Week 6 Discussion: US Budget

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Week 6 Discussion: US Budget- discussion post
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Required Resources
Read/review the following resources for this activity:

· Textbook: Chapter 10 Whitman Cobb, W. N. (2020). Political science today (1st ed.). Washington, DC: Sage, CQ Press.

· Lesson

· Minimum of 1 scholarly source (in addition to the textbook)

Initial Post Instructions
You are an advisor to the President tasked with cutting at least $300 billion from the budget. The president wants your recommendations to cut lines, not large categories. Submit your recommendations and your reasoning for such recommendations using these guidelines:

– Use evidence (cite sources) to support your recommendations from assigned readings or online lessons, and at least one outside scholarly source.

– Use the format provided below to present your numbers and totals followed by an explanation below the chart.

– Please note that these are not true US budget numbers, but are reasonable hypothetical numbers to help us consider the budget processes complexities.

DOMESTIC PROGRAMS AND FOREIGN AID

 

Cut some foreign aid to African countries

 

$17 billion

 

 

Eliminate farm subsidies

 

$14 billion

 

 

Cut pay of civilian federal workers by 5 percent

 

$14 billion

 

 

Reduce the overall federal workforce by 10%

 

$12 billion

 

 

Cut aid to states by 5%

 

$29 billion

 

MILITARY

 

Cut the number of nuclear warheads, and end the “Star Wars” missile defense program

 

$19 billion

 

 

Reduce military to pre-Iraq War size and further reduce troops in Asia and Europe

 

$25 billion

 

 

Cancel or delay some weapons programs

 

$19 billion

 

HEALTHCARE

 

Enact medical malpractice reform by reducing the chances of large malpractice verdicts

 

$ 8 billion

 

 

Increase the Medicare eligibility age to 68

 

$ 8 billion

 

 

Raise the Social Security retirement age to 68.

 

$ 13 billion

 

EXISTING TAXES

 

Return the estate tax to Clinton-era levels, passing on an estate worth more than $1 million to their heirs would have portions of those estates taxed.

 

$ 50 billion

 

 

End tax cuts for income above $250,000 a year

 

$ 54 billion

 

 

End tax cuts for income below $250,000 a year

 

$ 172 billion

 

 

Payroll tax increase for people making over $106,000 annually contributing more to Social Security and Medicare.

 

$ 50 billion

 

NEW TAXES

 

Institute a Millionaire’s tax on income above $1 million

 

$ 50 billion

 

 

Add a national 5% sales tax

 

$ 41 billion

 

 

Add a tax on carbon emissions

 

$ 40 billion

 

 

Tax banks based on their sizes and the amount of risk they take.

 

$ 73 billion

 

Total gap covered by your budget plan

 

 

 

$_________________

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